Prescriptions are not the only answer. When extra help is needed, we offer professional acne skin care products, skin clearing nutritional supplements, acne facials, acne peels, microdermabrasion and photodynamic therapy treatments.
Acne is the term for the blocked pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples, and deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that can appear typically on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms. Seventeen million Americans currently have acne, making it the most common skin disease in the country.
While acne affects mostly teenagers, and almost all teenagers have some form of acne, adults of any age can have it.
Acne does not affect one gender more than the other. However, men are more likely to have severe acne and less likely seek professional treatment, while women’s acne is typically caused by cosmetics or menstrual/hormonal changes.
Acne is not life-threatening, but it can cause physical disfigurement (scarring) and emotional distress.
It is not yet known what causes acne, but suspected factors include an increase in androgens (male sex hormones) associated with puberty in both boys and girls, hormonal changes during pregnancy or when starting or stopping the use of birth control pills, heredity, certain drugs such as lithium, and the use of greasy cosmetics.
Wrong. What you eat does not have much of an affect on acne. Neither does dirt or stress.
Generally speaking, lesions are physical changes in body tissue caused by disease or injury and may be external (as with acne or skin cancer) or internal (as with lung cancer, atherosclerosis and cirrhosis). Specifically, acne lesions are physical changes in the skin caused by a disease affecting the sebaceous gland. Acne lesions range in severity from comedones to nodules and cysts.
Acne lesions are most common on the face and neck, where sebaceous glands are most dense, but they can also appear on the chest, back, shoulders, scalp, and upper arms and legs.
Sebaceous glands are attached to hair follicles in the skin on the face, neck, back and chest. They produce an oily substance called sebum, which normally reaches the skin surface through the opening of the follicle (pore).
When follicles become plugged, sebum cannot reach the surface of the skin. This blocked sebum promotes the growth of bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes) beneath the skin, which in turn produce chemicals and enzymes that attract white blood cells, causing inflammation. Eventually the follicle wall breaks down and the sebum, skin cells and bacteria erupt to form lesions or pimples.
No – in fact, that can make it worse. Pimples should never be opened except by a dermatologist because of the risk of infection. Other things that can cause acne to worsen are:
Comedone: A plugged sebaceous follicle.
Papule: A small, inflamed, often pink lesion or bump, often tender to the touch. Groupings of small papules (“microcomedones”) may have a rough texture like sandpaper.
Pustule: Papules topped by pus-filled, dome-shaped, red lesions, often with a hair at the center. Left alone, healed pustules usually do not form scars.
Nodule: Similar in color and shape to pustules, nodules are large, painful, solid lesions lodged deep within the skin. They are often resistant to treatment and may form scars.
Cyst: Larger than a pustule, cysts are deep, painful, liquid (pus) filled lesions. They may cause scarring.
Yes. Early intervention is best to minimize breakouts and scarring.
Acne treatment varies depending on the type and severity of lesions, skin type and the patient’s age and life ; on average, results are visible in six to eight weeks. Options include:
Acne can be unsightly and painful. In addition to the physical toll, it can also saddle sufferers with poor self-esteem and even depression. A drug called Accutane® (isotretinoin) offers acne sufferers a potent, highly effective option for clearing even the most stubborn acne. For over 20 years, Accutane has successfully helped patients with severe recalcitrant nodular acne. The small Accutane capsules are taken orally in several courses of 4-6 months each.
The Parker Skin & Aesthetic Clinic is dedicated to providing the highest level of expertise regarding skin care and cosmetic services, enabling you to confidently look and feel your best. We would like to welcome you into an environment where all members of our team of physicians, nurses and aestheticians are available to best meet your personal needs - whether simple or complex. We are committed to continue bringing Northeast Ohio the latest laser technology and the best skin care products and procedures that science has to offer. We look forward to helping you achieve your goals.