Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition manifested by flaking in the skin. It appears on the scalp as dandruff. While it commonly occurs as dandruff, flaking can also appear on the other areas like the face, arms, legs and chest. Seborrheic dermatitis looks greasy and scaly on the skin. Seborrheic dermatitis can also cause rashes. Because of the rashes, skin looks:
Seborrheic dermatitis can be uncomfortable especially when one or more rashes start appearing in the body and they start itching. Seborrheic dermatitis may have the same appearance with psoriasis, eczema, or a skin allergy. Consultation with a dermatologist can determine which condition a patient has- whether it is psoriasis, eczema, or a skin allergy.
Cradle cap is a type of seborrheic dermatitis that develops in the infant’s scalp. Babies can have some scaly and greasy patches which can become thick and crusty. Cradle cap is a common condition and harmless. Although it is a form of seborrheic dermatitis, cradle cap disappears within a few months. Seborrheic dermatitis can also develop in baby’s diaper areas. Oftentimes, the rashes caused by seborrheic dermatitis in the diaper areas are mistaken for diaper rash. In a few babies, seborrheic dermatitis can cause the red and scaly patches throughout the body. Seborrheic dermatitis in babies is not a cause for concern because it usually disappears before baby turns 1.
Seborrheic Dermatitis in Adults
Unlike babies, seborrheic dermatitis in adults may appear and reappear. Recurrence of seborrheic dermatitis may occur if there is a change of weather from cold to dry. There are also other factors like stress that can trigger seborrheic dermatitis. The plus side of seborrheic dermatitis is that there are available treatments that can reduce flare-ups.
Treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis
There are different treatments available for seborrheic dermatitis. It all depends on which area of the body will be treated. Dandruff can be controlled using shampoo with salicylic acid. If seborrheic dermatitis appears in other parts of the body, special lotions can also be used. In babies, a mild shampoo can slowly remove the seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap). Shampooing and combing with soft brush after can loosen the flakes.
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